Studio Microphone Information for Sound Recordings
The main function of a microphone is to be a transducer, meaning, it converts one kind of energy to another kind of energy with as little variation as possible from the original source. Thus, it is important that you choose the right microphone for it makes a big difference to your recording output.
Since there are a lot of various microphones sold out there, you have to make your choice based on your needs especially they are built differently and thus will function differently. You will most probably come across two main types of microphones for recording your music or sound and you will be able to choose the best for your needs.
It should not be too much of a challenge for you to choose a microphone if in the first place you know the differences between these microphones, and that you know what is its use for. Be aware for example that if you are recording vocals you will use a different type of microphone from that of recording instrument.
Generally, for instruments and live performances, a dynamic microphone is great to use. You will notice that most live performers would use this type of microphone. On the other side, if the use is for vocals and other soft recordings of which details are extremely important, the condenser studio microphones are used. It would be beneficial to acquire both kinds of microphones and it will depend on your budget then.
A flatter frequency is a must when recording vocals, thus the condenser qualifies for this need than the dynamic. When using a condenser studio microphone, you will get a clearer and more accurate recording, while with the dynamic, the details are tuned out since this is meant for live performances and instrument recording.
Another comparison between a condenser studio microphone versus a dynamic microphone is that the condenser would be needing a preamp or a mixer with a phantom power of around 48 volts, while the dynamic microphone, rugged and less sensitive as it is, does not need the phantom power.
The next necessary requirement when you choose the studio microphone that would be perfect for your recording needs is the pickup pattern. Know that there are essential a three various kinds of pickup patterns, and these are the omni directional microphones, the bidirectional microphones and the unidirectional microphones.
If you are planning for a home recording studio, it is advisable to stay away from using the omni directional microphone because it can pick up sounds evenly, like sounds from your television, from your dog barking, and others.
In the case of the bidirectional microphone where only two directions, the front and the back, can only be picked up, is used where people can share a microphone like in radio interviews.
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